Fair Value Measurements
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2016
|Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]
|Fair Value Measurements
(8) Fair Value Measurements
The accounting standard for fair value measurements defines fair value, and establishes a market-based framework or hierarchy for measuring fair value. The standard is applicable whenever assets and liabilities are measured at fair value.
The fair value hierarchy established in the standard prioritizes the inputs used in valuation techniques into three levels as follows:
Level 1–Observable inputs–quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
Level 2–Observable inputs-other than the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities–includes quoted prices for similar instruments, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in inactive markets and amounts derived from valuation models where all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3–Unobservable inputs–includes amounts derived from valuation models where one or more significant inputs are unobservable and require us to develop relevant assumptions.
The following table summarizes the financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 and the level they fall within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):
Changes in the fair value of the Non-COLI assets held in the deferred supplemental compensation plan, as well as changes in the related deferred compensation obligation, are recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses.
We account for our interest rate swap agreements under the provisions of ASC 815, and have determined that our swap agreements qualify as highly effective cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the fair value of the swap agreements, which is a liability of approximately $892 thousand at March 31, 2016 and $123 thousand at December 31, 2015, has been reported in accrued expenses. The offset, net of an income tax effect of approximately $344 thousand and $48 thousand is included in accumulated other comprehensive loss as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The amounts paid and received on the swap agreements are recorded in interest expense in the period during which the related floating-rate interest is incurred. We determine the fair value of the swap agreements based on a valuation model using primarily observable market data inputs.
We utilized a probability-weighted discounted cash flow method to determine the fair value of our Aviation Acquisition earn-out obligation. Probabilities were applied to each potential pay-out scenario and the resulting values were discounted using a rate that considered our weighted average cost of capital, as well as a specific risk premium associated with the riskiness of the earn out itself, the related projections, and the overall business. Significant unobservable inputs used to value the contingent consideration included projected earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and the discount rate. If significant increases or decreases in the inputs occurred in isolation, the result could be a significantly higher or lower fair value measurement.
The fair value of the earn-out obligation decreased $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (see Note 2, Acquisitions, for further discussion of the Aviation Acquisition earn-out obligation).
The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balance of the earn-out obligation measured at fair value on a recurring basis that used significant unobservable inputs (Level 3).