Fair Value Measurements
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2015
|Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]
|Fair Value Measurements
(8) Fair Value Measurements
The accounting standard for fair value measurements defines fair value, and establishes a market-based framework or hierarchy for measuring fair value. The standard is applicable whenever assets and liabilities are measured at fair value.
The fair value hierarchy established in the standard prioritizes the inputs used in valuation techniques into three levels as follows:
Level 1 – Observable inputs – quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
Level 2 – Observable inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities – includes quoted prices for similar instruments, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in inactive markets, and amounts derived from valuation models where all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs – includes amounts derived from valuation models where one or more significant inputs are unobservable and require us to develop relevant assumptions.
The following table summarizes the financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 and the level they fall within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):
Changes in the fair value of the Non-COLI assets held in the deferred supplemental compensation plan, as well as changes in the related deferred compensation obligation, are recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses.
We account for our interest rate swap agreements under the provisions of ASC 815, and have determined that our swap agreements qualify as highly effective hedges. Accordingly, the fair value of the swap agreements, which is a liability of approximately $490 thousand at March 31, 2015, has been reported in accrued expenses. We had no interest rate swaps in place at December 31, 2014. The offset, net of an income tax effect of approximately $189 thousand is included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the accompanying balance sheets as of March 31, 2015. The amounts paid and received on the swap agreements will be recorded in interest expense as yield adjustments in the period during which the related floating-rate interest is incurred. We determine the fair value of the swap agreements based on a valuation model using market data inputs.
We utilize the Monte Carlo valuation model for our Wheeler Bros., Inc. ("WBI") and VAI earn-out obligations. Significant unobservable inputs used to value the contingent consideration include projected EBITDA and the discount rate. The model used a discount rate of 4.5% for the WBI earn-out as of March 31, 2015. If a significant increase or decrease in the discount rate occurred in isolation, the result could be a significantly higher or lower fair value measurement.
Our acquisition of WBI in 2011 required us to make additional payments to the sellers of up to a total of $40 million over a four-year post-acquisition period ending June 30, 2015 if WBI achieves certain financial performance. WBI's sellers earned approximately $2.7 million, $219 thousand and $7.1 million based on WBI's financial performances for the earn-out years ended June 30, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Included in current portion of earn-out obligations on our March 31, 2015 balance sheet is approximately $9.8 million, which represents our best estimate of the present value of the obligation. Changes in the fair value of the earn-out obligations are recorded as contract costs in the period of change through settlement. There was no change in the fair value of the VAI earn-out obligation between the acquisition date and March 31, 2015 (see Note 2, Acquisition, for further discussion of the VAI earn-out obligation).
The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balance of the earn-out obligations measured at fair value on a recurring basis that used significant unobservable inputs (Level 3).